President Joko Widodo declares after White House meeting that he will sign up to TPP – but risks provoking anger among protectionists at home
Barack Obama has won Indonesia’s endorsement for a contentious trans-Pacific trade deal, with the country’s president promising to join.
During a meeting with the US president at the White House, Joko Widodo – known domestically as Jokowi – risked the ire of economic nationalists at home, declaring: “Indonesia intends to join the TPP.”
“Indonesia is an open economy and with a population of 250 million, we are the largest economy in south-east Asia.”
Twelve countries are currently party to the Trans-Pacific Partnership – including Australia, Canada, Japan, Mexico, Vietnam and the United States – creating the world’s largest free trade area, in what is seen by some as a counterbalance to growing Chinese economic power in the region.
Widodo’s endorsement is a political victory for Obama, who is steering the already completed pact through a hostile Republican-controlled Congress and without the full backing of his Democratic party.
Hillary Clinton, the 2016 election frontrunner, has said the deal falls short of the “high bar” she has set for helping US interests.
Obama has claimed the TPP has the strongest labour and environmental standards of any trade deal signed by the United States.
Widodo comments will also raise hopes that he will help the world’s most populous Muslim nation fully realise its economic potential.
Sketching out a “key strategic partnership”, Obama – who lived in Indonesia for nearly five years as a child – said the US needed good relations with Jakarta.
“Obviously I have a very personal interest in Indonesia, given the fact that I spent a bit of time there as a child and have relatives who are Indonesian,” Obama said.
“But what is also true is that our partnership is very much in the interests of the United States, given Indonesia’s large population, its leadership in the region, its democratic traditions, the fact that it is a large Muslim country with a tradition of tolerance and moderation, and its role in trade and commerce and economic development.”
Widodo’s visit to the White House was the first by an Indonesian president in a decade and came exactly a year after the former furniture salesman became president. In surviving even that long he has defied skeptics who predicted he would quickly flounder in oligarch-dominated Indonesian politics.
In the Oval Office, Obama offered his own endorsement, praising the economic reform efforts of a fellow 54-year-old.
Indonesia’s notoriously protectionist economy has been stymied by systemic corruption, lower commodity prices and China’s economic slowdown.
Unemployment among the vast ranks of Indonesia’s youth stands at more than 20% and efforts to attract investors have been undercut by economic nationalism, vested interests and red tape.
Widodo’s efforts to win US investment suffered a blow when he was forced to cancel a swing to America’s west coast and meetings with fund managers and Silicon Valley executives, including from Google and Apple’s Tim Cook. Widodo spokesman Ari Dwipayana said the president was leaving to help deal with clouds of smoke that have blanketed large areas of his country.
Thousands of fires caused by slash-and-burn agriculture in Indonesia’s forestshave forced schools and offices to close and airlines to cancel flights.